美联储货币政策声明全文

1评论 2017-09-21 02:32:45 来源:金融界网站 涨停板,就要这样抓

北京时间9月21日凌晨2点,美联储货币政策决策机构——美国联邦公开市场委员会公布利率决议,宣布维持基准利率1%~1.25%不变,同时从10月份开始缩减其高达4.5万亿美元的资产负债表。

  金融界美股讯:北京时间9月21日凌晨2点,美联储货币政策决策机构——美国联邦公开市场委员会公布利率决议,宣布维持基准利率1%~1.25%不变,同时从10月份开始缩减其高达4.5万亿美元的资产负债表。

  美联储9月份货币政策声明的全文如下:

  以下为美联储公开市场委员会(FOMC)在9月19-20日货币政策会议后发布的声明全文:

  美联储公开市场委员会(FOMC)自7月会议以来获得的信息显示,就业市场继续增强,今年迄今经济活动一直在适度增长。近几个月就业增长稳健,失业率保持低位。家庭支出温和扩张,企业固定投资在近几季已经增加。今年整体通胀和不计入食品和能源价格的通胀指标较上年同期下降,一直在2%以下。总的来说,基于市场的通胀补偿指标仍偏低,基于调查的较长期通胀预期指标变动不大。

  委员会将依照法定的目标,寻求促进就业最大化和物价稳定。飓风哈维、伊尔玛和玛丽亚毁坏了许多社区,使当地人民遭受了严峻的困难。风暴相关的影响和重建将在短期内影响经济活动,但过往的经验显示风暴不太可能在中期内实质改变全国经济的路径。因此,委员会仍预计,随着货币政策立场的逐步调整,经济活动将适度扩张,就业市场状况将在一定程度上进一步增强。飓风过后导致的汽油等部分商品价格上涨可能暂时推高通胀,不计入这方面影响,预计年通胀率将在短期内保持在低 于2%的水准,但中期在委员会2%的目标附近稳定下来。经济前景的短期风险看来大致均衡,但委员会正密切关注通胀发展。

  鉴于已实现的和预期的就业市场状况和通胀情况,委员会决定将联邦基金利率目标区间维持在1-1.25%不变。货币政策立场保持宽松,因此会支持就业市场状况在一定程度上进一步改善,并带动通胀持续向2%回升。

  在决定未来调整联邦基金利率目标区间的时机和规模时,委员会将评估与就业最大化以及2%通胀目标相关的已实现和预期的经济活动状况。评估将考量广泛的信息,包括就业市场数据、通胀压力和通胀预期指标,以及反应金融市场和国际情势发展的指标。委员会将密切监控向对称的通胀目标取得的实际和预期的通胀发展。委员会预计,经济未来的发展将为逐步上调联邦基金利率提供理据;联邦基金利率可能在一段时间内会维持在预计在较长期内保持的水准之下。不过,联邦基金利率实际 路径将取决于未来数据展现的经济前景。

  委员会将在10月开始资产负债表正常化,此项计划在2017年6月委员会的政策政常化原则和计划附录中提及。

  投票赞成美联储货币政策决议的FOMC委员包括:美联储主席耶伦、副主席杜德利、理事布雷纳德、芝加哥联储主席埃文斯、理事费舍尔、费城联储主席哈克、达拉斯联储主席卡普兰、明尼亚波利斯联储主席卡什卡里和理事鲍威尔。

  以下是美联储声明的英文原文:

  Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in July indicates that the labor market has continued to strengthen and that economic activity has been rising moderately so far this year. Job gains have remained solid in recent months, and the unemployment rate has stayed low. Household spending has been expanding at a moderate rate, and growth in business fixed investment has picked up in recent quarters. On a 12-month basis, overall inflation and the measure excluding food and energy prices have declined this year and are running below 2 percent. Market-based measures of inflation compensation remain low; survey-based measures of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed, on balance.

  Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria have devastated many communities, inflicting severe hardship. Storm-related disruptions and rebuilding will affect economic activity in the near term, but past experience suggests that the storms are unlikely to materially alter the course of the national economy over the medium term. Consequently, the Committee continues to expect that, with gradual adjustments in the stance of monetary policy, economic activity will expand at a moderate pace, and labor market conditions will strengthen somewhat further. Higher prices for gasoline and some other items in the aftermath of the hurricanes will likely boost inflation temporarily; apart from that effect, inflation on a 12-month basis is expected to remain somewhat below 2 percent in the near term but to stabilize around the Committee’s 2 percent objective over the medium term. Near-term risks to the economic outlook aPPear roughly balanced, but the Committee is monitoring inflation developments closely.

  In view of realized and expected labor market conditions and inflation, the Committee decided to maintain the target range for the federal funds rate at 1 to 1-1/4 percent. The stance of monetary policy remains accommodative, thereby supporting some further strengthening in labor market conditions and a sustained return to 2 percent inflation. In determining the timing and size of future adjustments to the target range for the federal funds rate, the Committee will assess realized and expected economic conditions relative to its objectives of maximum employment and 2 percent inflation. This assessment will take into account a wide range of information, including measures of labor market conditions, indicators of inflation pressures and inflation expectations, and readings on financial and international developments. The Committee will carefully monitor actual and expected inflation developments relative to its symmetric inflation goal. The Committee expects that economic conditions will evolve in a manner that will warrant gradual increases in the federal funds rate; the federal funds rate is likely to remain, for some time, below levels that are expected to prevail in the longer run. However, the actual path of the federal funds rate will depend on the economic outlook as informed by incoming data.

  In October, the Committee will initiate the balance sheet normalization program described in the June 2017 Addendum to the Committee’s Policy Normalization Principles and Plans.

  Voting for the FOMC monetary policy action were: Janet L. Yellen, Chair; William C. Dudley, Vice Chairman; Lael Brainard; Charles L. Evans; Stanley Fischer; Patrick Harker; Robert S. Kaplan; Neel Kashkari; and Jerome H. Powell.

  来源为金融界美股频道的作品,均为版权作品,未经书面授权禁止任何媒体转载,否则视为侵权!

关键词阅读:美联储 货币政策 缩表 加息

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